Team size

  • No more than five players on the pitch for each side.

  • A game can officially be played with 4 players on the pitch for one team.

  • If a team arrive with fewer than 3 of their original players, then the other team must decide before kick-off if they wish for the result to count towards the standings or whether to play the game as a friendly. This decision must be clear to both teams involved before kicking off.


  • Substitutions can be made at any point during the game and are “rolling”. The substitute(s) must be off the pitch before the new player(s) comes on and must enter the pitch at the same place the player left the pitch.

  • Substitutions must be made when play has stopped, e.g. after a goal or at halftime.

  • Play will pause if a goalkeeper is switching into the goal.

  • There is no limit to the number of substitutions a team can make.

  • There is no limit to the number of substitutes a team can have on the sideline.

Goalkeepers & goal areas

  • Only the designated goalkeeper is allowed inside the designated goal area.

  • If the goalkeeper leaves the area for any reason during play then a penalty will be given to the opposing team.

  • Any defending players that enter the goal area for any reason during play will result in a penalty to the opposing team. This includes running through/across the goal area. This does not include momentum which may take a player into the area. But If the ball is touched/cleared during this momentum a penalty may be given at the referee’s discretion).

  • If an attacking player goes into the goal area, a goal kick will be awarded. If the attacker’s foot is inside the area when they shoot, the goal will be disallowed. If momentum takes the attacker into the area but the shot left their foot before their foot entered into the area the goal will be given.

  • Goalkeepers can roll, throw or kick the ball out. They are not allowed to throw the ball above head height or throw it with an overarm motion. If the goalkeeper throws, kicks or rolls the ball out overhead height an indirect free kick will be awarded to the opposing team from the kick-off spot.

Free kicks, back passes, penalties & head height

  • All free kicks must be taken indirectly. The ball must be placed at the point of the foul and can be taken by any player. The opposing team must be one metre from the ball when a free kick is taken.

  • Goals will not be awarded if scored directly from a free kick.

  • Back passes to the goalkeeper are allowed. The goalkeeper is allowed to pick the ball up from a back pass.

  • A free kick will be awarded against the last player to touch the ball before it goes above head height.

  • Any rebounds off goalkeepers that go over head height will result in play carrying on.

  • In mixed football penalties can be taken by any player.

  • The penalty taker can only take one step before their penalty kick. The penalty taker is not permitted to run-up to the ball before taking the shot.

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